Harald Ernberg's journey with the Crown Prince to USA 1938 (Dr. Ernberg was the Physician in Ordinary to the Swedish Crown Prince)

Put together by his grandson -Jonas Hök (and translated by his grandson - Johan Ernberg)

Why did the Crown Prince travel to USA in 1938?

       
        The ship Calmare Nyckel (above) in charge of founding Nya Sverige (New Sweden) in Delaware, USA 1638 

The ship Calmare Nyckel (above) in charge of founding Nya Sverige (New Sweden) in Delaware, USA 1638 An expeditionary force, composed of the ships Calmare Nyckel and Fogel Grip, was equipped in 1637, funded in equal parts by Swedish and Dutch capital. The objective was to seek compensation for custom incomes lost to Prussia and explore new markets for the Swedish copper. In Mars 1638 the ships arrived at Cape Paradise in the Delaware River, where a piece of land was bought from the Indians and Fort Christina was established. Some years later the Dutch partners were bought out and the company became an exclusively Swedish affair. In 1654 colonizers and soldiers arrived with the ship Örnen (the Eagle) but the reinforcement was insufficient. In 1655 the Dutch conquered New Sweden, which thus was a Swedish colony 1638-1655.

In 1938 this former colony was location for the greatest festivity ever celebrated by expatriated Swedes. Three hundred years had then passed since representatives of our people first landed here. Jamestown had in 1938 about 45 thousand inhabitants, and more than half of them were then considered to be Swedes. Next came the Italians. Thus, north, and south Europeans were united here, however, there was probably not too much friendly socializing between the two. The Latin blood was too hot and the Nordic too cool for this. The Mayor was then a Swede by name of Carlson.

                                                    

 Left: Novae Sueciae Memor 2 kr, in the middle: Gustav V Rex, right: the American half dollar 1938. The latter was coined in commemoration of the 300 years anniversary of the founding of Nya Sverige in 20,000 copies. The Swedish Church is depicted and the text says In God We Trust.

Harald Ernberg accompanies the Crown Prince and his wife to USA 1938

I started to look for Harald's travel report from this journey already in 2002. It was supposed to be archived at the Riksarkivet (RA- the state archive) but when it couldn't be found after a lot of searching I was directed to the Slottsarkivet (the Archive of the Royal Castle). There the search continued while I was waiting in the pleasant environment. In this library, situated in the medieval cellar-vault, the wing strokes of history are felt deep in your skin. But No,”maybe in Bernadotte's Archive but this is not public and difficult for you to access" was the somewhat discouraging message. NEVER TAKE NO FOR AN ANSWER is my motto. Equipped with a letter produced by a former civil servant at the Riksarkivet I returned 2005. The letter said:
”Of course the physician in ordinary, Dr. Ernberg's, travel report from his journey 1938 is located at RA. It was there when I began as archivist in 1966. I imagine that is still in the locker in the separate office, perhaps in a box with lesser documents...." 

After a few hours of rummaging around the document was found, 28 folio sheets, received by RA (a copy) and stamped ”3 Nov 1942 BYRÅ Nr. 597, bilaga”. The story is told in a personal way, far from the "civil service" language. It is unlikely that it was commissioned by the principal character of the journey, i.e. the Crown Prince, later King Gustaf VI Adolf. there are spelling mistakes, corrections and amendments written by hand, which confirm that the report was aimed at other than the Crown Prince family, e.g. now sixty seven years later by his grandson Jonas and other descendants of the Ernberg family. I have written this story on my computer to make this possible. It is a story about luxury, champagne, kisses and intensive night life, crazy drives in 169 km/hr in car processions with security detectives in each corner; about beautiful women in expensive creations, the Swedish flag floats in the wind (thanks to the breeze) and waving Swedish-Americans with tears in their eyes along the roads. But you can also read about the Crown Prince's kidney colicky pains and blood in the urine which presumably no Crown Prince wishes to see in his travel report?

Harald tells that he fell for the temptation to buy an Oldsmobile for 850 dollars, which he paid in cash when it was loaded on the returning ship. (Provided with a reasonable amount of cash for the journey?). But he had no driver's license then - and didn't acquire one later either.

But why didn't the doctor's wife, Anna, accompany him on the journey? Every other man brought their wives to all the shows, car processions, dinners. Perhaps she didn't speak English?

I will start with the correspondence regarding the dramatic journey over the Atlantic - which I found earlier in the Archives of the Royal Castle - followed by Harald's travel report.

The dramatic journey over the Atlantic

In the Archives of the Royal Castle there are telegrams and opinion made by Harald Ernberg and others regarding Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf's and the Crown Princess Margaret's of England visit to USA in 1938. Gustaf Adolf fell ill with kidney stone during the journey. His son, Prince Bertil, was therefore obliged to carry out part of the program. Harald was there as House Doctor. At one point it was dramatic but then Harald made a calming speech to the nation over the radio informing worried Swedes that "the conditions are stable".

At the time of this journey the Crown Prince was 56 years old. In 1923 he entered his second marriage this time with lady Louse Mountbatten; both are shown in the right hand picture below. In 1950 the Crown Prince became King at the age of 67 years. Gustaf VI Adolf is known for his thorough knowledge of and great interest in archaeology.

         

    Harald Ernberg was Doctor in Chief at the Sachssksa barnsjukhuset (Sachs' children's hospital) 1911-1914 and 1919-1939.
                                   
Harald's correspondence:

TELEGRAM submitted to M/S Kungsholm's radio station  22:00 (Ships time).

To Stockholm:

The Crown Prince has had a light attack of Kenney colicky pains STOP This is now on retreat STOP General condition fully satisfactory STOP The Crown Prince does not intend to change the program     
                                                    

NOTICE on M/S Kungsholm I, II, III class, 22 June, 1938
H. R. H. the Crown Prince had yesterday morning and attack with symptoms indicating kidney stone colic. The Symptoms are now clearly retracting. His general condition is fully satisfactory. The Crown Prince will stay in bed the next few days.
                                                                                   

NOTICE on M/S Kungsholm, Friday 24 June, 1938
H. R. H. the Crown Prince has been well the last two days. This morning, however, the Crown Prince has again suffered from a light attack of kidney colic. His general condition is fully satisfactory. The Crown Prince intends, in principle, to follow the first day of the program.
                                               
                                                       Physician in Ordinary

                   

            M/S Kungsholm, constructed in 1928, 17.5 knots, slaughtered in Bilbao 1965.
            1st class: 209, 2nd class: 395, 3rd class: 940 passengers. Left: Statue of Liberty .

                                                                

TELEGRAM in the service of H. R. H. Crown Prince, submitted to M/S Kungsholm's radio station
25 June 1938 (0:40 (ship's time).

Paid reply with 15 words.
If away, the telegram will be delivered at the summer place.
Professor Einar Key
Stockholm
Recommend one or two urologist in New York for examination of the Crown Prince's kidney colic "hämaturi".
                                                 

TELEGRAM sent from M/S Kungsholm 25 June 1938

To the King, Stockholm
The Crown Prince has had another couple of attacks of kidney stone colic, the conditions are in now way worrying.
                                                                                

TELEGRAM - sent from M/S Kungsholm 26 June 1938

To the King, Stockholm
Repeated colic attacks unfortunately force me to refrain from all participation in the festivities the next few days.STOP Ernberg plans consultations and there is no reason to worry STOP I'm feeling rather OK between the attacks greetings,
                                                Gusty
(From the son Gustaf Adolf to his father Gustav V.)                               

Harkness Pavilion, New York 30 June 1938

The Crown Prince has been out of bed for a few hours and has had no recurrence of attacks of pain. Otherwise, his condition has remained unchanged. He has been able to receive a visit from President Roosevelt.
                                                Harald Ernberg M.D.
                                                Bentley Squier  M.D.
                                   

Medical Center, New York TT 28/6-38

X-ray examination of the Crown Prince today has confirmed the kidney stone diagnoses. Such a stone has passed the left urine channel. General condition excellent.
                                                                the Physicians
                                   
NOTICE::
Yesterday, at 2.00 hours, the Crown Prince left M/S Kungsholm, anchored in the Philadelphia harbor, by car, accompanied by myself, a nurse and his valet and went to the Medical Center, one of New York's best hospital. The Crown Prince was there accommodated at a clinical department, headed by Dr. Bentley Squier. I also live at the clinic. The car ride took 3 hours, went well and the Crown Prince could walk to and from the car without difficulty.

The X-ray examination today has confirmed my diagnoses that it is a kidney stone problem. A small one can be seen clearly in the left urine channel. No trace of other stones can be seen from the X-ray. The Crown Prince's general condition is very good. From a medical point of view the situation appears favorable. The Crown Princess arrived late yesterday evening to the hospital, where she will stay with the Crown Prince the next few days.                    
  Physician in ordinary

Letter requesting an interview                 

My dear Dr Ernberg,
Would it be possible for three of our reporters from the New York Post and World Telegram to obtain a short interview with Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf at time set by you, preferable as soon as possible? We should like to talk to Crown Princess, if she is willing.
                                    Yours very truly
                                    Mary Bussang
                                    New York Post (Handwritten letter)

Dear Madam, 30/6-38

In reply to your communication to Dr Ernberg, Physician-in-Ordinary to His Royal Highness the Crown Prince of Sweden, I am desired by Their Royal Highness to inform you that it is regretted that the interview can not be granted, inasmuch as the Crown Princess never grants interviews, and the Crown Prince, particularly at the present time, does not feel in position to do so.
                                                Believe me, dear Madam,
                                                Yours very truly…

Letter recommending herbal tea as remedy                   

From: F Stein
Specialität: Indische Drogen (Specialty Indian drugs)

His Highness, The Crown Prince of Sweden,

Highness,
   I regret to learn from last night’s newspaper, that your Highness is suffering from Kidney-stones. Since over 10 years I am dealing in exotic herbs and have pleasure in sending your Highness by same mail a sample packet of  KOEMIS KOETJING (Folia Osthosiphonis), Deutsch East Indian Kidney & Bladder Tea, together with directions for use.

      This medical tea enjoys a good sale in various countries, particularly in Germany, and 2-3 weeks treatment is sure to pulverize the stones.

      Wishing your Highness a rapid recovery, I have the honour to be, 

                                    Highness,
                                    Your obedient Servant, Mr Stein

DIRECTIONS:
Guaranteed non-poisonous, absolutely harmless, no after-effects and free from foreign admixture.

Drink every day 3 cups (early morning, mid-day, last thing at night), prepared like ordinary tea, 3 teaspoon full for 3 cups…
DIET:
Meal dishes (porridge, etc) fresh fish, plenty vegetables and fruit (no pineapples) should form the main foods during the time of treatment. Very little meat, no alcohol, no eggs, no pepper, no salt…

Response to Mr Stein, June 8th 1938 regarding the herbal tea.

Sir,      
   By order of His Royal Highness the Crown Prince of Sweden I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your communication of July 1st, and to express His best thanks for the sample of the tea which accompanied the same.

                                                Very truly Yours
                                                 Secretary…
                                                           

Harald's travel report: the America journey 1938

  17/6. Departure with special train 1.10 from Stockholm in the Crown Prince's parlor wagon. In Göteborg (Gothenburg) nice weather. Lots of people. Song on the quay. Delegation from Göteborg on the steam ship. Torsten Ahlberg with wife. I was given a big cabin with 2 beds. Holm as servant. At departure from Stockholm Anna and Dora came along to the station. Among others the King of Denmark, Prince Eugen, Prince Gustaf Adolf, Jarl.

                             
 
      The Doctor's wife Anna didn't want to go to the USA   Harald's daughter Dora waved farewell.

18/6. Nice day on the Atlantic, but fog and sirens in the night. A swim in the morning in the pool. Meals with the Crown Prince in a small dining room adjacent to the big one. In addition Prince Bertil, Miss Steuch, Rudbeck, Millar, Gyldenstolpe, Hägglöf and myself. Typical conversation.

19/6. High winds started to rise. Many sea sick. Elvira's illness. Mrs. Watson. Conversation with Mr. Schlyter, Miss Hesselgren, Sachs, Levinson and others.

20/6. Storm. In the evening very stormy, 30 m/s. Waves up to the bridge, i. e. 7 stories high. On Sunday very solemn religious service lead by the Finish vicar Sirenius who preached and Bishop Rodhe officiating clergyman. A table covered with the Swedish flag was used as alter. Psalm singing I have hardly heard before. Many of the singers participated. Among our travel companions Mrs. v. Dardel, Mrs. Hagströmer, Mrs. Modig.
One of the first days life boot practice on life boot deck. During the storm more and more went under deck. The ship rolled very much. It was an impressive show and sometimes the whole ship creaked and trembled when the stern was high and a new wave arrived.

Tuesday 21/6. At about ½ 8 in the morning I was waken up by Mr. Holm, who asked me to come to the Crown Prince's cabin. He had, since 7 in the morning had pains in his abdomen. Not soreness. Pains in the left, upper part of the abdomen. No fever. I was pretty sure about the diagnosis; kidney stone colic. After a while "hämaturi". Tinct. Op. alleviated well the pains. During this day some additional attack.
Urine microscopy revealed considerable "hämaturi". No other pathological elements. During p.m. nevertheless sp. albumin. Consultations with Dr. Holmberg, in whose cabinet several sediment examinations were made then and later. In the a.m. I informed the members of the Royal Party about the situation.

22/6. A Notice was put up the next day (or possibly already on Tuesday evening) on all departments of the Steam ship. Generally gloomy on board.

23/6. On one of the earlier days I listen to a lecture by wholesale dealer Sävenberg about the Rocky Mountains with colored lanterna magica pictures. One of the days tea with the Finish delegation, another day same thing where the Finns were the hosts. One evening a movie show from the last century in America in the big Parlor. On

22nd and 23rd the Crown Prince was on a diet. The attacks sometimes seem to have a tendency to happen after a meal. However, these days, particularly on the

23rd less pains and in a test "end. microscopic blood clots". Lots of questions. Consultations to determine which parts of the program that should be deleted and if he should be able to participate.
Thought for my part in the beginning - at this occasion - return trip as quickly as possible was desirable. Preliminary inquiries were made about other ships going back to Europe, possible with Bremen or Aquitania. Not so easy to keep up the spirits of the concerned persons themselves. One evening a film on the launching of (M/S) Stockholm in Trieste. Other evenings - dance.

24/6. Midsummer Day. The Crown Prince suffers from new attacks. It is decided that he must refrain from participation in the first days' festivities. Through a notice on the bulletin board tells he has the intention to participate if possible. Sermon by Bishop Rodhe. Solemn psalm song (Nathan Söderblom's psalm).
I got to hear part only of Arthur Engbergs speech. Telegram to Key asking for recommendation of urologist from New York. Lovely dance – folk dance on after deck – performed by the ship's staff. Concert by the lifeguard’s orchestra. Dance around the midsummer pole (majstången) on after deck.

25/6. Very warm. The water was said to be 26 degrees C. It was the real golf stream. The last days we were on a somewhat more southerly course then usual, more directly towards Wilmington. Went between two icebergs, one at a distance of some 120 km. Discussion with the mates on the commando bridge: International control of the icebergs. An American ship follows the southern iceberg and is linked by radio with the Atlantic steamers. Some 70 was assumed to be drifting in two different currents. They melt quickly when they come down the Golf stream. Only part of the iceberg is above the surface. The larger part is under the water. But apart form those reported and located with regard to their changing positions there could be others unknown. Still counter current and following wind. But nice weather

                         

                        Titanic's wreck during its maiden voyage 1912 came to mind.
 
Lecture by Edström about American manners and customs. In the evening; cabaret show in the hot and crowded saloon. Before that the Captains dinner with an even more festive ambiance than usual. Speech by Prince Bertil. During the show Captain Wulf acted as master of ceremony.
Female dancers, a scene with Swedes and indians, Wessblad (”enfant terrible”), Johan Olof Johansson, etc.

In the evening some of us gathered in the smokers' saloon. Amusing conversation with Arthur Engberg about a variety of things. Finally about Hägerström's Philosophy. E. offered me a drink at the end. I proposed "brorskål" (a "ritual" involving raising ones glass and proposing to call each other each other "du" = thou and "brother" instead of the formal "ni" = you and then add skål and drink -translators remark). ”That was just the intention” (Engberg). Later on after deck – at about midnight – dance. Hot. Light breeze. Ladies shirts fluttered in the wind. I danced with Miss Steuch and Countess Estelle Bernadotte.

Hägglöf hit me on the shoulder: ”American custom”. Prince Bertil: You Bonnet. A certain relaxation after the decision about H.R.H. A very strange ambiance during the night. Elvira was also one of the worries. Bernadotte's boy nice. Hallgren also a minor worry.

26/6. Response from Miss Key regarding urologist. Benthler Squier recommended, also by Watson's physician and friend Evans. Telegram to Squier to ask him to come to New York, decision about hospital. During the a.m. meeting with the three American war ships. A cruiser and two destroyers. Beautiful view. The ship yaws. The rail is manned. Salute from the cruiser. Rather high waves. The sun lighted light green bow spray sparkled in the sun. Exercises with Prince Bertil and his walk.

Reading and the like impossible. Light conversations with various delegates: Sävström, Sigfrid Hansson, Dir. Gen. Eriksson, Curman, Stockenström, Öberg, Johan Nilson, Undén (Swedish Foreign Minister). In the evening with Holsti and some other Finns. Another evening with a couple of wives from Malmö and Manager Dalström and others. The dance offers and strange sight, especially when there is fog and you heard the sirens on and off. Gradually the tension mounts awaiting the arrival in America. Radio communication from the ship failed.

27/6. Wilmington. Torrential rain. A miserable sight. The river green-yellow and muddy from the rain. Stayed on board with the Crown Prince while the delegation and others went ashore in the ship's launches. Solbert a pleasant acquaintance. Squier on board. Gave a briefing in the library on the medical situation. A small man with good manners. The examination turned out to be rather short and didn't impress me the least. Unnecessary percussion (drilled through) and talked at the same time. Decision about journey on M/S Kungsholm (during the night to Philadelphia). In the morning Prince Bertil was interviewed by the press. I was virtually alone aboard with the Crown Prince, who needed help with a lot of things and also company. Once in a while responses to inquiries.

28/6. I Philadelphia. Press interview with some 10 journalists and some photographers about the Crown Prince and the journey: ”Are you going to have escort to New York”? – ”No, I don’t believe, we are not accustomed to that in Sweden.” One: “I will warn you, you can be kidnapped.” Obviously meant seriously. Talked to Mr. Solbert about this. He told a police officer: ”Following the Governor's order the Crown Prince shall have police escort to New York". (The Governor was never asked).

Around 3 pm we disembarked. The Crown Prince had been in bed for a week. Rather tired. Placed a yellow rose in his buttonhole. On board - on deck – radio speech addressed to the Philadelphia festival. Then the automobiles, one with the Watsons, the other with Dr. Squier. The Crown Prince and I in the first car. Mr. Stråle with the luggage in the second. Three hours journey. Through the naval harbor of Philadelphia. Cruisers with rows of bunting. The road went through densely populated areas. Ugly. The automobile service stations and big signs along the roads. The escort made a lot of noise. A white police car and two policemen on motorbikes. Change at the different state borders, where we were delivered, so to say. Arrived in New York through the tunnel under the Hudson River (only for motor traffic).

Up to the hospital (Harkness Pavilion) at about ½ 7 a.m. Directly up to the 11th floor. A broad elegant corridor with a floor that looked like black marble but were made of rubber in black and white that looked like plates. A couple of nurses, one of them. Miss Wizler fluttered happily with her eyelids. Miss Scott (all were called Miss or Missis). The superintendent. Conversations in the solarium - very informal. Mr. Rathborn, a giant with his hands in his pockets chatted a little with the Crown Prince. Dr. Squier never referred to any other anamneses (examination method) than mine.

The Crown Prince in bed. I had dinner alone in the hospital's restaurant (for guests). I was given a room opposite the Crown Prince's room. The wide beds with their mechanical arrangement. High with a stool. Bathroom. The view!

29/6. (Wednesday) X-ray examination. A stone in the left urethra 5 cm above where the urethra ends in the bladder. Definitely felt relieved. During the night (the first) the Crown Prince had another attack at about 12.00 hours, for which I was woken up by the night nurse (Miss Bennet) and had to prescribe medicine. I felt this was somewhat unnecessary, I would have thought that the hospital doctors could have managed that. .

30/6-2/7:  Visited the children's department. Case demonstrations. Dr. Wisch was the acting Chief Physician. Dr. Mackintosh vas away. Strange case. Not acute. Four cases were demonstrated. Not entirely easy to follow the description. Looked at Dr. Squier's department for kidney surgery. S. demonstrated X-ray images. Case of cyst kidney with a successful puncture of the cysts. Violet light at the demonstrations.

30/6. Talked in the radio from the Rockefeller Center. A magnificent building. The Studio located in a medium sized room. Had to make a voice test so that the technician in charge could decide if I spoke at a suitable sound level. The company was made up of Rudebeck and Miss Steuch. I spoke in my usual, only slightly raised voice level. Before this, photos taken in front of the sound capturing equipment (microphone). A strange feeling that thousands of people were listening in Sweden. (It seems it was quite audible). Afterwards I listen to Mayor Fant's and Countess Bernadotte's addresses...

Dinner at Ritz-Carlton. At least 15-20 speeches. Prince Bertil presided. I was seated between Mr. Batt, chef for S.K.F:s American factory and Mr. Fernström from the surroundings of Los Angeles. F. had traveled 4 days to be able to attend. Mr. F. told twice during the dinner that he had planted birch, and pine trees on his property in Los Angeles. Had his home furnished with furniture made in Sweden. Moving speech. F. spoke in Swedish and was on the verge of tears. The dining room: Walls painted like green trees. The ceiling like heaven with stars. Immensely wide table. Very good ambiance. Ira Morris, Kindblom.

1/7 Cystoscopy, which made the concerned person rather nervous. Slight widening of the urethra outlet.

2/7. Tour by car with Dr. Rathborn through Harlem (the Negro town). About 200 000 Negroes in New York. Surprised by the number of people walking around with dogs. Many children. During the middle of the day Dr. Rathborn invited me to watch a baseball match. ”Fine” seats, but initially in the sun – incredibly hot. Professional players.

      

One team from Washington, one from New York. R. told that one of them had an income of 40 000 dollar, another more than 80 000 (”more than the President”). One man throws the hard ball towards the catcher, who has his body and face well protected. The rules are not easy to understand in spite of Rathborn's lectures. The audience's (15-20 000 spectators) involvement tremendously lively. Incessant loud cries to this or than player. The players - magnificent.

1-2/7 Sometimes meals alone with the Crown Prince in the Hospital's dining room. In the evening of the 1st, dinner in the Rainbow room in Rockefeller Center: The Crown Prince, Miss Steuch, Rudebeck, Crane and I. On the 65:th floor. Thereafter, after the dinner, up on the rooftop another five floors. The lift reached the 65:th floor almost as quickly as to the 5th floor at home. I was deafened. Music by the dance orchestra during the dinner. Shows performed by comedians. Splendid and peculiar view. In the night - walk home. Rudebeck, Crane and I thereafter to a night restaurant on Broadway that started at midnight. (Casa Maguana). Mostly comic performances, almost exclusively men, Negro dances, clown-like shows. No erotic allusions. Nothing rude. Actually a rather good natured, childish comedy. Mixed audience.

When we returned home from this restaurant we walked on the still sharply lit Broadway to the hotel. There I took a taxi to the hospital. When I gave him the address the driver said: "I see, Harkness Pavilion – that's on Broadway”. – ”No it is not on Broadway!”(I hadn't brought the address and didn't know that some of the entrances to the hospital actually were on Broadway. Calling the information bureau by phone I got the right address, Fort Washington Avenue 180. The cost of the taxi was 9 SEK and I came home at 3 o’clock. Sneaked silently up watch be the two detectives in the solarium.

Later discovered (probably 5:th July) that Harkness Pavilion was guarded night and day by detectives.

                                           

                             Harkness Pavilion

3/7. Touring 3-4 hours in Dr. Squier's car together with him and his wife, a particularly well dressed and proper lady. Elegant thin lilac dress. Easy to advance with the Rolls Royce thanks to the fact that it was Sunday. Highways along the Hudson. Crisscrossing Manhattan through Central Park, Wall Street with its big banks. Trinity Memorial Church, the broad shopping streets on Manhattan. Along all ocean liners' quays. Metropolitan Opera (looked shabby and not very impressive). In the park at the harbor there are people of all nationalities (South Americans, Italians, Negroes, Jews).

”Here you don't see one single American a day like this” (Squier). The day was bright and not uncomfortably warm. Odd light effects between the skyscrapers. The blue sky and the partly obscure, today rather empty streets. In the Bellevue Hospital's court. Over in Brooklyn on the old Brooklyn bridge. Dinner at Hotel Plaza. Elegant hall and dining room. More discrete then Ritz. Obviously not visited by many tourists. The dinner started with Honey – Dew Melon – fish dish, pigeon, ice cream, white wine. On the way home over the George Washington Bridge to the New Jersey-side. Impressive highways and bridge. Back to the hospital in the evening.

3/7. Yesterday was the first time I went for a small walk in the park with H.R.H. A beautiful park. Wonderful lawns. Strange trees. Among other a pine tree with leaves (without nerves). H.R.H. turned out to be very knowledgeable regarding trees and flowers. Comfortable garden chairs and sofas.

Mr. Blacher vas very energetic these days. He was a journalist from New York Times and spent all days in the lobby of the hospital or in the vicinity. I was kind to him for which he showed his great appreciation. I got some funny photographs from him.

One of the days I had, in the afternoon, asked Mr. Stråle to wake me up at about 8 o’clock not imagining that I would be coming home so late in the night. I had, by the way, been late a couple of nights (it was going to be even worse later!) Presumably Stråle had found this out from the night nurse or the detectives. When he entered (my room) in the morning and pulled the curtains away and filled the bathtub he said: ”I can't understand how the Livmedikus (physicians in ordinary) manages to live like this in the nights”. I was too sleepy to reply, felt he had a point but only when he had left the room it occurred to me that I should have answered: "Neither do I!"

In the morning a walk with the Crown Prince down towards the river. We had said nothing about the walk earlier but just walked. Soon we discovered that we were followed at about 20 steps distance by 2 detectives. When we stopped to enjoy the view or looked at something somewhere, they did the same - always at the same distance. A rather funny description of the walk in New York Times (my friend Mr. Blacher!).

The same day on the afternoon I went through the Nursing Home with Miss Scott. 300 students. 3-years program. The majority of the students in plain cloths more or less made up. In a large hall there were even dances arranged several times a year. Library with a lot of books. A room commemorating Florence Nightingale. The students' rooms rather simple and boringly furnished. The part wonderful. View over Hudson River.

4/7.Served a lot as company and attendant to the Crown Prince. Various visits. At midday President Roosevelt arrived. A certain nervousness in the hospital. The windows were cleaned and flower bouquets were carefully placed in the solarium. I said: "He will not see if the windows are clean". The nurse: ”But we will”.

The area adjacent to the hospital sealed off by police on foot and on horse back. About one hundred policemen. The President arrived surrounded by police on motor cycles and lead by a white police car.

Came up to the ward in a wheel chair (see picture below) and rolled into the solarium, followed by his attendants in plain cloth suit. Greeted the Crown Prince and the Crown Princess in the solarium. I was introduced to him. ”You are my Dr. Macintosh I can understand.” An impressive head and charming manners. The glass doors to the solarium were shut. The visit took ½ an hour. The departure, like the arrival, in high speed. Speed ”is the best safety”.


                           
       President Roosevelt


The Crown Prince and I spent the evening on the roof terrace of the Harkness Pavilion. It was Fourth of July and there ware terrible bangs from the town and a rocket here and there in the dusk. A splendid and magnificent scenario when the lights in the town along the river in Central Park and in the skyscrapers came on. Discussed, among other things, about politics an about Germany and the Czechoslovakian issue. He was of the opinion that war in the spring had been imminent. He himself had hesitated to travel. This was the reason why Genera Thörnell had not come along on the journey. There was no other higher officer who represented all the fighting services. Developed also his views on the internal politics. Regarding national economy:”If you read Heckscher and then talk to a good, pragmatic finance man and add what you get you will get a pretty good result". Cassel is too one sided”.

5/7. Looked at various things at the hospital and was also down at Ritz. The meals with the Crown Prince in the restaurant at Harkness.

6/7. Participated, together with the Crown Prince, in the first festivity. Mr. Watson's lunch at Union Club 100-150 gentlemen. One of New York's finest clubs. Placed at small tables. At my table among others Sachs and Squier. During lunch promotion of H.R.H and Edström to honorary doctors at the Pennsylvania University. At the lunch, H.R.H.'s first direct speech to America. About the economic conditions. Among the guests were a lot of top executives at the exchange, the industry, finance. Among others, Mr. Young, CEO of General Electric, the one who initiated the "Young loan". A magnificent and forceful look. Had a quick look at the premises after lunch. Received later an invitation card to be the guest of the club during one week (Squier), something I, however, didn't have the time to use it.

In the evening - big banquet at Waldorf Astoria, 1100 persons. First a reception where a lot of people were introduced to the Crown Prince. The tables of honor along one of the shorter walls: two long tables. I was placed down in the room. 8 or 10 persons at each table. Next to me, Mrs. Leach. Greeted Herdis Reuter, who had written to me earlier. After the meal a number of speeches. The American were the Governor's and La Guardia, New York's Mayor, a dark skinned man, half Italian. (Mrs. Leach: ”first time a man of Italian descent has had such a post.”). La Guardia's speech culminated in one line: ”We admire”, etc. Sweden and the Swedes. Brilliant content and form.

In the beginning of the festivity, like in later similar parties an American and a Swedish flag was hanged out in the hall on different sides of the orchestra. The orchestra plaid at a balcony. When "Du gamla, Du fria" (the Swedish national anthem) and The Star-spangled Banner were played, the flags were highlighted by spotlights and made to flutter by means of an invisible fan..

After La Guardia's speech, which was cheered with strong applauds, the next speaker was Mr. Aldridge, a successful banker. The speech, which hardly was appropriate on a banquet, considering its length, consisted of an attempt to analyze Sweden's economic and financial development and situation. It was no easy task for the Crown Prince to respond to these speeches, particularly as the first two were very magnificent. But he managed very well and was cheered with great ovations.

After the banquet it was very crowded. This was at around 2 o'clock. When I came down in the hall I discovered that the other members of the Royal Party were gone. I managed, however, to grab a car left among the 8-9 Fords that had been made available to us. I asked the driver to take me to the Medical Center. He first replied something I didn't understand initially, and first drove to Ritz Carlton. In the corner he shouted to a couple of motorbike police patrolmen than he wanted escort.
One policeman came to the street crossing. ”Why”, he shouted. ”The doctor”, answered the driver. ”All right”, replied the policeman. And immediately a motorcycle started in front of my car and we were escorted to the hospital.

7/7. Metropolitan museum. Extremely interesting things at the history and archeology departments. Among other things big statues in burned terra cotta of Etruscan origin. The war good, a woman warrior in brown red background color. Pieces of jewellery of Byzantine origin. The collection of art included among other a large hall full of paintings by Rembrandt, Frans Hals, and French such as Renoir, Courot, Matisse. Italian art. American art. No modern art.

Called Mrs. Modig b. Tjäder (who was aboard M/S Kungsholm). Rendezvous at the hotel. We went to Trouville, a small restaurant near the Ritz. Good lunch in air cooled room. Thereafter shopping in various shops with Mrs. Modig, who served as mannequin. Bought silk stockings and a dress. In the evening, supper, hosted by Mr. and Mrs. Aldridge, on Long Island. I thought the party was in their home but that was a Mistake. We drove for at least an hour and gradually arrived at the country side. The Party was on a country club. A house on the shore, where, on a huge porch, small tables were laid for hundreds of persons. We arrived at dusk, just before 9 o'clock.
Chinese lanterns and a negro-orchestra which played in a room with doors open towards the porch. We were placed at small tables. I was placed in a company which surprised me. It was the first time I saw a large crowd of members of the New York society close up, clearly of the more casual sort.

The ladies at my table as well as those at the other tables were dressed in evening gowns. Intensely made up – I was not yet used to this. One of my neighbors, who appeared either half drunk or half imbecile, made obvious attempts to embrace me. She was far from beautiful. To achieve a better distribution among gentlemen and ladies at the table, somebody proposed that I should move. Which I did without any regrets. Made now – still a somewhat passing - acquaintance with the next. She behaved more or less correct and, furthermore, she was beautiful. However, the conversation became strenuous and boring in the long run - I was still not fluent (in English) and the Negro orchestra played uninterrupted and energetically throughout the supper, with considerable noise, but according to information received, with great skill.

Therefore - after the supper - self service -I moved around to different tables where I discovered that there were also real ladies. Back to the hospital in the night. (The Crown Prince had agreed to stay there until Friday 8/7). I went home not overly enthusiastic about my first contact with the American social life. I would later make completely different and complementary experiences.

8/7. Walked through the Out-patient department (Vanderbilt-clinic) with the superintendent of the hospital, Mr. McCormick, a delightful man (The chief finance officer of the hospital). Patients were sorted in a waiting room, where they had to give relevant information (no control of these). The fee varied from 0 to 5 (?) dollars. If the concerned person had a certain income he was referred to private physicians (the polyclinic was keen on not competing with the private physicians), but not any doctor. The hospital had a list of physicians that it recommended. From this sorting polyclinic, where sorting anamnesis was performed, the patients were referred to this or that polyclinic. The building housed a large number of polyclinics.

Saw also Squier perform a prostatectomy. In the evening dinner at the Rainbow room with the Crown Prince, the Crown Princess, Steuch, Rudebeck, Crane and Curman. In the middle a large dance floor. Our table was closest to the ring around the (dance-) floor. Danced with Miss Steuch. Later in the evening – I sat with my back towards the dance floor – I discovered to my surprise that my chair slowly started to turn. I sort of lost foothold and looked to see if also the others had been moved, which was not the case. Discovered that it was the dance floor that rotated. One of the back legs of my chair stood on the rotating floor while the other stood on solid ground. It was fixed.

The ambiance was excellent within the party. The trip to Boston and Harvard was decided, as was a slightly shortened journey westwards and it was hoped that this should work out well. . When we left the hospital we bid farewell to Squier and the nurses and others. Squier didn't want any remuneration : "He is the guest of our country”. When I tried to protest: ”How would you do if Mr. Roosevelt came as a guest to Sweden and you had to take care of him as physician? You wouldn't ask for a fee, would you? I have as much as I need"

Mrs. Memier, the day nurse, entered my room and wanted to talk to me: ”I only wished to tell you that we all have loved you so much during this time.” She said it in such a friendly and moving manner that I was confused and answered - probably somewhat awkwardly –”I have loved you.” When, later, she had received the portrait of the Crown Prince and bid him farewell, she turned away and dried tears out of her eyes.

          

                         The Crown Prince and his 2:a wife, Louise, born Mountbatten

9/7. We moved to Ritz and I checked the conditions of my personal belongings, which, so far, had been distributed in two locations. Lunch ad the Japanese Garden with the Crown Prince, Steuch, Rudebeck and Mr. Aldridge as guests. Midday departure to Boston. My first experience with a Pullman wagon. Lovely to come into the cooled wagon. Ours was the last of the train with a small platform at the rear, where you could sit. Beautiful landscape. Passed by several big cities. Very gay dinner in the dining car. Swedish Maitre d'. Special menus in yellow and blue. The railway company offered the dinner with champagne. All sorts of goodies, such as Danish beer, etc.

Arrived in Boston in the evening with escort to Hotel Ritz-Carlton. Ascended to our floor, also this time the 11th. A terrible mess. Lots of people. The hotel staff. Two very sturdy detectives, Lawson and Schultze (Swedish-Americans) who took their duty very seriously. Press conference. About ten reporters. Difficult questions for the Crown Prince, which he responded to or skillfully avoided. Asked me to stay next to him to show myself.

After a while we were taken to our rooms. The Maitre d' came to the Crown Prince's saloon and asked what we wanted for dinner and each of us gave our orders. Later, at the rooftop terrace, a completely different dinner with an extraordinarily varied smorgasbord with caviar, etc. and lots of food (Rudebeck: Horribly expensive!)

10/7. In the morning I saw same the closest environment, didn't care about the children's home. Lunch at Brooklin's Country Club. Met, among others, Elsa Brändström and her husband Professor Ulrich. (Was not Jewish but with radical opinions. Has been professor in Dresden in psychology. Was offered a Professor's position at Harvard University that he accepted. Is said to later have been offered another professorate in Germany, an offer that, according to some, should be regarded as a gesture only).

Also got to know Professor Minot, Nobel price winner (the liver therapy). Went with the Lamms and others to Boston Garden Hall. Large in-door hall filled with people. Was accompanied by a national guard’s officer in white uniform to the Crown Prince's Tribune. Impressive view. Crowded with people, about 15,000 of them.

The Program: Tableaux 1) Indians and Swedes when the latter are coming ashore in Delaware, 2) an old Swedish church with organ music and audience from New Sweden. An American men's choir singing. Song by the Swedish choir directed by Alfvén. Folk dances by Swedish-American children dressed in national folk dresses. Song by a children's choir. A nice speech by the Crown Prince. Last part in Swedish: ”Får jag hälsa hem?” (May I send a greeting home?)Arms up and cheers by 15 000 people. 60 young ladies, half of whom dressed in American, half in Swedish colors came marching in behind the two flags. Thereafter, they formed figures. Two ladies, dressed in the two countries colors, recited each a complementary poem to the two countries. One in English and the other in Swedish. The Suza march. In the afternoon chatted with a couple of journalists (Vinberg). Dagens Nyheter and an American ditto). In the evening - huge banquet given by the Governor (Hover) of Massachusetts. Parading soldiers from the National Guard.

Was placed at the honorary table. About 1000 persons. Sat between Millar and a Swedish-American. Boston manager. Speech by the Governor and Mr. Lindley, partly in Swedish, and others, as well as by the Crown Prince. After the banquet, asked by Colonel Crane to join a party in the home of an architect, good friend of the Colonel. Went with Rudebeck, who was in his best night spirits. Crane said that it was just a short distance but the car ride took at least half an hour. To a suburb of Boston, a garden city. Funny and nice company. Supper offered. Champagne galore. Particularly sweet and nice girls. Chatted with a girl in white, who was studying to become and architect and with one in a dress with flowers, who was to become a medical doctor.

11/7 (Monday). By car to Harvard University in Cambridge. Were received at the university, where Professor Minat took care of me and showed me a lot of buildings. The location and the whole institution very impressive. Peaceful, gorgeous parks with big trees delightful lawns.

The library. Exposition of Swedish literature and ditto older hand written scripts. A beautiful building for the students, ”The Houses”. Several clock towers. In the students' room and sitting room, Memorial Hall with memorial tables over the members of the University's alumni, killed in the war. Church.

Conferment in the University Hall. Entering in procession. Besides the professors in their capes, barrettes and poles there were also some Swedish doctors in their doctor's hats. Sat next to Hanna Rydh.

The Crown Prince made a speech, summarizing Sweden's economic and social situation. Lunch in the University Dean's private home for 50 persons. Beautiful home. Thereafter Prof. Minat took me to the university's Medical School. Showed me Medicals, as well as other buildings. The Child hospital was demonstrated by McKenn. Knew my work on throat infections, which he praised. The wards were rather dark due to the balconies above the windows. Dinner in the Ritz dining room, accompanies by a thunderstorm. Departure to Washington in the evening. This trip - if a visit should be made - had been discussed at length. The Crown Prince insisted that it should be done. With night train to Washington. Somewhat cold air -cold wagon.

12/7. Directly from the train to Mr. and Mrs. Bliss's home. A magnificent home. The Butler, an elderly gentleman in morning dress with striped trousers - with a distinguished appearance and discrete behavior. Large magnificent music room, accommodating a grand piano, cupboards with excellent collections of oriental art and other items. Parlor, library with library table covered with a large number of documents. Telephone on a shelf, hidden behind faked book backs. Winter garden, incredible flowers. In several places lilies, tall as a man, here and there.

First breakfast on the lawn in the garden. Bast-mat under the table. Felt somewhat simple. Oriented myself a little in the garden that surely was about as big as, or bigger than Humlegårdens – and this in the city. A magnificent swimming-pool with a building for changing. The pool (pond?) surrounded by willows, flowers and fountains. On the shores, lounge chairs and cushions. Magnificent trees, hundreds of years old oaks, etc. Thereafter, the installation in the Swedish Mission where Rudebeck, Millar and I lived, very hot weather. Miss Schlasberg – Mrs. Wennerberg's sister – said that a visit to him would be of interest to me.

And so it did! He was a Swede and spoke rather good Swedish. Told me about his job, demonstrated his premises and also some illness stories related to X-ray images and electro graphs (Electrocardiographs?). All undeniably quite impressive. He was a diagnostician and run a consultancy firm. In each case – he said - "he made a full diagnosis (and most likely at a steep charge), but was much more lucrative than the investigation cases was the consultancy missions. In the afternoon he was going to Baltimore (this was another city and took the afternoon) and hoped to get 1000 dollars for this. Sometimes the investigation cases were perhaps only a few each months”.

Lunch was offered by the Secretary of State, Mr. Hull, at a particularly elegant hotel. Brought Mrs. Jones, who was to sit at my left, to the table. The Crown Prince had Mrs. Woodrow Wilson's, the President's widow. Some 30 persons. Conversations after lunch. The Crown Prince had a longer conversation with Hull. The visit to Dr. Odén impressed me so much that I, after lunch, questioned the Crown Prince about an examination by Hull the following day (considering the causal moments) . The Crown Prince hesitated and the Crown Princess reacted strongly. It came to nothing and in retrospective I realized that this was better, among other things because the time was too short. May also have caused the concerned person irritation.

                                                       

                                   President Wilson's widow Edith (born Bolling)

After this conversation a dip in the swimming pool, discretely informed about the swimming dress code, etc. by the butler. Light conversation in lounge chairs. Bliss swam around the whole time. The Crown Princess was stretched out in her undergarments.
In the evening, dinner at Bliss'. Horribly hot. Miss Steuch advised me to take of my waistcoat, which happened in the entrance. While we waited for the guests in the magnificent parlor, I went to one of the walls, - after a cocktail and a small caviar sandwich - to admire a painting. A lamp on a table nearby went out. Had got the cable, treacherously enough laid out on the floor and in the same color as the carpet. A servant immediately plugged it in again.
Somewhat embarrassed I turned to another wall to look at another painting. Same story with a different lamp. Felt even hotter than before. Only 3-4 guests. . A museum man with his wife and Mrs. Beal, a lady famous for her beauty and wealth. .

Had dinner at ½ 9 out on the terrace Then completely dark. On the table a few lights with shades. Around the table some large Chinese lanterns and in the foliage of the huge trees, sometimes high up, where electrical lamps placed so that you didn't see the lamp, only the light shining on the leaves and branches. This, I discovered later all over the garden.
A delicious dinner with delightful wines. A Saint Yquem from some fine vintage in the last century, a Champagne, also from a superior year (declared Rudebeck). ”With dinners at home” said R. ”one may sometimes get one very nice wine but here all the wines were distinguished”.

It was hot and even hotter one turned from the wine. That evening we were numerous and doubtless at least 300. The hot climate, the huge trees, the magic lights, the croaking of the frogs in the ponds, a bird here and there who was scared up (intensive bird life), all contributed to give me the impression of a tropical night and festive one at that.

Mrs. Beal was also easy to converse. Dressed entirely in white with a swan's-down cape that she used very sparingly. Had traveled virtually all over the globe. Rudebeck had met her on Haiti during an earlier trip to America. Stayed at different places on different seasons of the year - as wealthy Americans frequently use to do.

Later in the evening, a walk in the garden down towards the ponds on narrow paths. Electrical handheld lanterns were sometimes needed. Each of us was armed with such a gadget in the form of a little staff. The heat was oppressive.

13/7. In the morning, car ride in Washington with Miss Schlasberg. Bliss made a car available. Diplomatic residential area. Government buildings. The Capitol. Lots of marble. Most buildings in classic, some in modern style. Lincoln Memorial (over on the Virginia side). The Washington monument.
The whole city built according to plans made by a French architect, whose plans still are being followed. Dignified park areas. A beautiful town, unlike all others. Pause in the Sloan Hotel next to its swimming pool. Swam – alone in Bliss' Swimming pool. Lunch at the Blisses, where the British ambassador with wife (Linsan) were guests. A giant Englishman. In the afternoon, at around 5 by night train to Chicago. Funny restaurant-wagon with comfortable sofas, furnished like a parlor.

14/7. Came to Chicago in the morning. Consul-General Castengrens and the Boströms at the station. Crowded. Though I had had something small to eat on the train but we went to Sadale and Cycle Club at the Lake Michigan, a lake that looked like a sea. Thereafter in cars to our respective hosts in Lake Forest and Lake Bluff. Went with Hägglöf and some others who had come along. The whole Royal Party was together again after our trip to Washington.
The car ride seemed to never end. General surprise over the fact that we were accommodated so far from the city. It turned out to be 7 Swedish mil (70 km = Stockholm-Upsala). Still Ford cars. Drove through one villa suburb after another. Resigned. Finally in a forest, virgin terrain, criss-crossed by fine roads. To the Blairs, where the Crown Prince was to be accommodated. Then to another family, where many other were to live. Thus, Hägglöf and I were accommodated at P.D. Armours.

Fantastic. Furnished partly in modern style, partly in Tudor stile. A bedroom, a middle room with W. C., bathroom. The bedroom bigger than my living room at Sturegatan. (Harald's apartment was situated on Sturegatan 34, in Stockholm). Two enormous beds with canopies. Hägglöf in another room. Common sitting room just for us.
Lunch at some of the other families. Thereafter by car to the city. Now almost always followed by one and the same detective sitting next to the driver. Impossible to remember his name. He took care of me in the most caring way.

Met with Bengt Hamilton outside the Fields Museum. Showed me his hospital. Went also to the other institutions. Policlinics and several examination rooms. Mrs. Hamilton came along. Went into the hall in the Fields. Back again to the Armours. Very beautiful with lots of bathers on the Michigan beach.

Dinner at the house of the brother to our family Armours. Gyldenstolpe and I and the other Swedes. Sat next to Mrs. King dressed in a gown in all the Rainbow's colors. Resembled little Carin Forsner in her younger days. ”You will never forget me!”

Played cards in a room dedicated to various games. Gyldenstolpe and I, the hostess and an additional American played bridge. After having played for some time there was a discussion about the points. The hostess proposed a ridiculously low point. 0.25 cent (= in fact one-öre I discovered). Lost happily 3 dollars to the hostess, who nevertheless was very cute. Boströms came by mistake to the dinner in the beginning med left.

15/7. First breakfast in Armours elegant dining room. Talked to Danish and a Norwegian woman and with ”William” in the garden: ”Like many others here I have bought a car”. Apparently was longing home to Sweden. Asked me to say hello to a sister. Admired the delightful Swimming pool. In the morning lunch at the Chicago Club, hosted by Mr. Blair. Only 10-15 guests. Earlier Museum of fine arts. A beautiful collection of Swedish art (mainly Zorn ) borrowed by the Chief of the Museum, Mr. Corwick. Lots of people at the same time in the Museum. At the most unexpected occasions my detective came forward to help me into a hall that was barred for the general public, who wanted to see the Crown Prince.

After lunch Ekerot, Blair and I went to the Fields Museum. We passed on greetings from the Crown Prince. In the hall a couple of elephants- Among other things, large and well organized anthropological and natural science collections. Sculptures of different human races. The Manager was our cicerone. We also went through the aquarium. Probably biggest in the world. In any case very beautifully arranged. Sharks, eels and incredibly many-colored and strange fish from tropical waters.

Thereafter to the city in phenomenal speed, more than 100 miles per hour. The detective was very proud. I asked if he was armed. We all are, he replied, and pulled out his charged revolver and his policeman's badge. Chicago has 3,5 million inhabitants, about 5-600 detectives and between 7 000-8 000 policemen. My detective was clearly of the sort who wouldn't feel the least uncomfortable killing somebody.

Back to Lake Bluff to change dress. Bathing in the swimming pool. Hägglöf lent me bathing costume. Entered the garden in bathing costume and found a crowd of ladies and gentlemen lying down by the swimming pool consuming various drinks and chatting. The hostess met me and introduced me to a couple I didn't know. I had no spectacles and could not size up the situation. ”Do you like whisky and soda, Doctor?”

I took a dip in the swimming pool and then retired to another seat and had some orange juice. In the evening into the big banquet at Steven's Hotel. This was even more Swedish-accentuated than the previous, also this time about 1000 persons. Song by mixed men's and ladies' choir directed by Mr. Carlson. Mr. Chindblom toastmaster. Fören (Jew) and Mayern (Irish), Linley (in Swedish) and the Crown Prince, etc.
Sat at one the Consular tables between the wife of the British Consul General and the Consul (Scottish). The latter a very pleasant gentleman ("One should rather think about the future and not on the passed").

16/7. Went in with the detective in the morning. He was very proud over the speed. Went up on Steven's Hotel's rooftop terrace with him. Lunch at the Swedish club. Seated at oblong small tables, nest to a certain doctor Christienson (surgeon). Swedish choir. Swedish smorgasbord.

Thereafter mass meeting on the Soldiers field. Went in procession. The Crown Prince in an open car. Were met outside the stadium by a cavalry squadron mounted on black horses. Entered by rounding the stadium to the tribune.

Military marches by various armed forces, infantry, cavalry (lancers on brown horses), boys' orchestra, national youth and youth associations, a juggling and pirouetting girl, etc. About half of the hall filled (it could hold 75-80 000). Song by a men's choir. Speech by the Governor, Mr. Boström (introduced), the Crown Prince in English and Swedish. The hall was gigantic and the contact with the audience could therefore not be like it was in the Boston Garden. But very festive and beautiful.

Left: Lancer on horse back. Right:: Harald was probably in his court dress with the braided hat and a rapier like the man standing in the middle vault to the right of President Roosevelt (in top hat with a walking stick).

In the evening, before the departure, grand dinner at the Blairs, the Crown Prince hosts. They had extended their veranda for the evening. About 75 persons. Many particularly handsome people. Beautiful and well dressed ladies. Gentlemen in gala dress. Talked, among others, to Mr. Corwick (the museum man), Mrs. Blair (with her characteristic look), Mrs. Linn (beautiful gray hair). Delightful music in one corner of the veranda by a Hawaiian band. Night train rather late to Minneapolis.

S:t Paul-Minneapolis station

17/7. Arrived at St. Paul-Minneapolis at. 8 o'clock. The station was crowded. To the hotel for breakfast in separate small rooms. Resembled a Christmas table (julbord). Candle lights on the serving table. Small hot dogs, etc. In small rooms. Pleasant and warm. Rather simple hotel.
In was the day of the Swedes. Went in procession from St. Paul-Minneapolis (each town ½ million). I in Boström's company. First to Minnahaka (”the laughing water”) water fall with the Wennerberg statue. Coral tribute of respect and lay down of a garland by Mrs. Broström.

The journey continued in bright sunshine. Along lakes through villa communities. Thousands of people lined the roads. It was estimated that 150 000 persons cheered the Crown Prince. Warm hearted, lightly dressed, some in bathing costumes. To the lunch premises, a big hall. Was placed next to Dr. Hamplin Mattson, who proposed to take met by his car to Rochester and the Mayo clinic the following day..

After the luncheon (Fair Grounds) a little rest in some sort of a private home like (funny and practical sewing table).

Then to Fair Grounds, a large open sport field with a half circle formed grand stand packed with people (estimated to 40-60 000) with a view over a hilly plain with groups of trees. The nature we passed delightful. The audience partly sitting, partly standing around the tribune, standing like a flower bed painted in light colors.

Parade of lancers. Salute with anti-aircraft guns. Speech by the Mayor. Concert. The Crown Prince's speech. Extremely lively contact with the audience. Those standing closest to us asked us to convey their regards home. Edla's relatives and others. The speeches delivered from a tribune further ahead. Oh these folk dances in Swedish dresses (the Swede's day). The Crown Prince speech met by ovations. This festivity and the journey to get there constituted the highlight of experiences of this kind. Thereafter in cars to Minetonka (= the big water).

Gyldenstolpe thought that he should stay with the same family as I (the Atkinsons). When we arrived one of all the rooms was filled with mine and Millar's 14 suitcases and bags. In the end also Millar got there. Many jokes about the amount of luggage we had. Millar and I had to share a room (the only time I didn't have a room of my own).
Conversation for a while on the terrace facing the lake. Gorgeous trees. A lovely scenery. The man in the house had probably been mill owner. Elderly man - very jovial. His wife, considerably younger, very pleasant and kind.

Dinner in our honor. Some twenty persons. Cocktail on the terrace. Plymton, museum man. Sat to the right of the hostess ( = seat of honor). Here, like at other private dinners, there are no speeches. We ate in 2 rooms in the nice and charming summer house.

After dinner we went to another family (a magnificent huge place), were there was a reception for some 150 persons. My hostess took frequently my arm and introduced me for one after the other - gentlemen and ladies. A few minutes of conversation and then onwards. One of the gentlemen: ”I like you very much, you have a twinkle in your eyes that I like”. This he said straight out, friendly and honestly meant. Home relatively early at 11-half 12.

18/7. Was woken up at 6. Dressed silently and manage to do this without waking Millar. A wonderful morning. At 7 Dr. Hamplin Matson with his car had arrived and then we had breakfast. Both the host and the hostess participated. We got pancakes with maple syrup (explanation in Swedish).
Then away to Rochester. Landscape very fertile. Resemble a little of Skåne. Swedish settlements. Here and there Norwegian and Danish (mostly) villages or communities. We traveled with enormous speed on the high-way. Usually 100 km/hour. After 2 1/2 hour we arrived in Rochester, a town with 25 000 with the Mayo-Clinic as a huge center. Was shown around in a very systematic way by Dr. Helmholtz.

Policlinics, the Chiefs' offices, laboratories, hall with portraits of the working doctors mad in free drawing. World map with their home communities highlighted. Balfour. One of the Mayo brothers.

     

                            

                                          Harald Ernberg was 69 years old when he passed away in 1944.